What is Islam’s view on slavery? What do Islamic sources say about slavery and is it allowed in Islam? Is there anything about slavery in the Quran? Don’t miss this episode of Common Qs if you’re really curious to know!
More Facts about Slavery in Islam (Slavery in the Quran, Quran on Slavery)
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property. Slavery existed in many cultures, dating back to early human civilizations. Evidence of slavery predates written records, and has existed in many cultures. A person could become enslaved from the time of their birth, capture, or purchase. Slavery was legal in most societies at some time in the past, but is now outlawed in all recognized countries. Nevertheless, there are an estimated 40.3 million people worldwide subject to some form of modern slavery.
Islamic views on slavery represent a complex and multifaceted body of Islamic thought, with various Islamic groups or thinkers espousing views on the matter which have been radically different throughout history. Slavery was a mainstay of life in pre-Islamic Arabia and surrounding lands. The Quran and the hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad) address slavery extensively, assuming its existence as part of society but viewing it as an exceptional condition and restricting its scope.
Slaves, be they Muslim or those of any other religion, were equal to their fellow practitioners in religious issues. In theory, slavery in the Quran and Islamic law does not have a racial or color component, although this has not always been the case in practice. Slaves played various social and economic roles, from domestic worker to highest-ranking positions in the Islamic societies. Islam recognized the existence of slavery as a social and cultural problem and took a gradual approach to address the issue and abolish slavery.
Don’t forget to watch other episodes of this series:
Why is Alcohol Forbidden in Islam?
Are Men Superior to Women in Islam?